Abstract   Concept & Model   Requirements   Genetic_circuit   Works   About_our_team

   0. Hybrid promoter   1. Formulation   2. Assay1   3. Simulation   4. Assay2   5. Future works

How to reach our goal

We have alternately implemented Wet and Dry experiments to achieve our goal

To establish our “balanced-differentiation” model, genetic circuit was developed. We drew a navigational chart on our project by Dry approaches, which was confirmed and reinforced by the data from Wet approaches. In short, we alternately conducted successive combinations of Dry and Wet approaches.

0. Wet : Hybrid promoter

First, the newly devised promoter sensed the Two inputs is necessary for the Genetic_circuit.

For initial attempts at regulating differentiation of E.coli by a set of two inputs, new hybrid promoter was designed . There is no desirable part among previous publications as well as BioBrick parts. Thus, we designed the parts that can be activated by LuxR and repressed by LacI . (Fig.1).These brand-new parts worked as designed (Fig.2).(See more.)

Fig. 1 New Hybrid Promoter The newly devised hybrid promoter is regulated by two inputs, AHL and LacI.
Fig. 2 The sequence of the hybrid promoter
The sequence contains regulatory sites of AHL-LuxR, LacI.

1.Dry : Formulation

Second, we tried to mathematically express our model.
From simple equations, the equations necessary for our model were deviated systematically. Though a parameter for production rate of AHL changes cell behavior from conventional mutual-inhibition model, Hill coefficients for the promoters are still critical for emergence of bistability.(See more.)

2.Wet :  Assay1 using "Externally added" materials

Though Hill coefficients are critical for the differentiation, adjustments of Hill coefficients by DNA sequence modification are much more difficult than those of the other production rate parameters; changes in RBS -35 box, or -10 box allow such easy modification. In order to confirm feasibility of our model, we focused to measure Hill coefficients of our new promoter part.(See more.)

Fig. 3 Effect of AHL on hybrid promoter Enhanced fluorescence intensity represents up-regulation of LuxR via AHL.
Fig. 4 Effect of LacI on hybrid promoter Enhanced fluorescence intensity represents down-regulation of LacI repression via IPTG.

3.Dry :  Simulation

Using the data from actual experiments, we simulated behaviors of our model.
Based on stochastic simulation using parameters obtained from our wet experiments, we confirmed that the whole system becomes unstable when there are only idlers left, and then, they become either workers or idlers. In addition, we determined other parameters necessary for the desired behavior of this system. (See more.)

Fig. 5 Simulation result

4.Wet :  Assay2 on "Cell-produced" AHL and Expression comparison

Here the simulation results were tested by actual wet experiments.
Whether the parameters obtained in 3 is feasible in actual Wet experiments was tested by focusing on the amount of cell-produced AHL as well as the strength of the promoters. Indication from the result is applied for the next work.(See more.)

5.Future works

Through the experiments mentioned above, we have found that our model can be completed by changing some of the parts employed so far. Continuing such simulation oriented construction of genetic circuit, it will be increasingly necessary to exchange parts. Here we would like to offer useful means for part exchanges.

Based on the results from wet experiments, the next dry approach - analysis and simulation - should be performed, which will in turn be testified and confirmed by wet experiments. Continuing these processes, if time permits, would further sophisticate and complete our model. (See more.)