# USTC/OperatorComposition

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Generally, Lac repressor bind to its operator in the form of dimer [[USTC/OperatorComposition#References|[1]]]. Almost all the according operators in nature are of approximate reverse symmetric structure, that is, each half of the operators consists of about 10 nucleotides and receives the binding of a repressor monomer [[USTC/OperatorComposition#References|[2]]]. It has been reported that it is the perfectly symmetric operator that most tightly binds to native Lac repressor. Based on this fact, an idea was proposed that the binding affinity of a non-symmetric operator might be systematically reduced, exempt from the harm on the binding specificity of the repressor-operator pairs. | Generally, Lac repressor bind to its operator in the form of dimer [[USTC/OperatorComposition#References|[1]]]. Almost all the according operators in nature are of approximate reverse symmetric structure, that is, each half of the operators consists of about 10 nucleotides and receives the binding of a repressor monomer [[USTC/OperatorComposition#References|[2]]]. It has been reported that it is the perfectly symmetric operator that most tightly binds to native Lac repressor. Based on this fact, an idea was proposed that the binding affinity of a non-symmetric operator might be systematically reduced, exempt from the harm on the binding specificity of the repressor-operator pairs. | ||

- | + | [[Image:USTC_AlignmentOfCompostions.png|frame|right]] | |

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+ | Five promoters have been synthesized for testing the effect of weakening. They are all based on O11 operator: | ||

* O11, the perfectly symmetric operator | * O11, the perfectly symmetric operator | ||

* O1wt1, the native lac operator at +11 site of Plac promoter | * O1wt1, the native lac operator at +11 site of Plac promoter | ||

* O16, the right half of O11 replaced by the right half of O66 | * O16, the right half of O11 replaced by the right half of O66 | ||

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* O17, the right half of O11 replaced by a random sequence from O77 | * O17, the right half of O11 replaced by a random sequence from O77 | ||

* NUL, the positive control as intensity 1.00 | * NUL, the positive control as intensity 1.00 | ||

- | [[Image: | + | [[Image:USTC_OperatorCompostions.png|thumb|center|450px]] |

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After a series of experiments, we came to the conclusion that the method of replacing the right half of the symmetric operator can systematically reduce the binding affinity. Ox6, which means the right half of a symmetric operator is replaced by a weak operator sequence with the same pattern, can be used as a "weak" operator. At the same time, we found that the pattern Ox7 is weaker than that of Ox6, and [https://2007.igem.org/USTC/FailureOfNANDv2b the affinity of Ox7 is too low for a logic gate]. | After a series of experiments, we came to the conclusion that the method of replacing the right half of the symmetric operator can systematically reduce the binding affinity. Ox6, which means the right half of a symmetric operator is replaced by a weak operator sequence with the same pattern, can be used as a "weak" operator. At the same time, we found that the pattern Ox7 is weaker than that of Ox6, and [https://2007.igem.org/USTC/FailureOfNANDv2b the affinity of Ox7 is too low for a logic gate]. |

## Revision as of 18:01, 26 October 2007

Naming Rules for Oxx and Oxy below

Generally, Lac repressor bind to its operator in the form of dimer [1]. Almost all the according operators in nature are of approximate reverse symmetric structure, that is, each half of the operators consists of about 10 nucleotides and receives the binding of a repressor monomer [2]. It has been reported that it is the perfectly symmetric operator that most tightly binds to native Lac repressor. Based on this fact, an idea was proposed that the binding affinity of a non-symmetric operator might be systematically reduced, exempt from the harm on the binding specificity of the repressor-operator pairs.

Five promoters have been synthesized for testing the effect of weakening. They are all based on O11 operator:

- O11, the perfectly symmetric operator
- O1wt1, the native lac operator at +11 site of Plac promoter
- O16, the right half of O11 replaced by the right half of O66
- O17, the right half of O11 replaced by a random sequence from O77
- NUL, the positive control as intensity 1.00

After a series of experiments, we came to the conclusion that the method of replacing the right half of the symmetric operator can systematically reduce the binding affinity. Ox6, which means the right half of a symmetric operator is replaced by a weak operator sequence with the same pattern, can be used as a "weak" operator. At the same time, we found that the pattern Ox7 is weaker than that of Ox6, and the affinity of Ox7 is too low for a logic gate.

## References

1. Lewis, M. (2005), 'The lac repressor.', *C R Biol* 328 (6), 521--548.

2. John R. Sadler, Henri Sasmor, and Joan L. Betz, A perfectly symmetric lac operator binds the lac repressor very tightly. *PNAS* Vol. 80, pp. 6785-6789, November 1983