Imperial/Wet Lab/Results/CBD1.1


In vivo Testing of pTet-GFP and pT7-GFP Constructs


To determine if the following constructs work in vivo:

The testing was comprised of several tests:

Materials and Methods

Link to the Protocol


Test: 16-08-2007

Fig.1: Total Fluorescence of pTet-GFP and pT7-GFP in vivo over 6 hours
Fig.2: pTet in vivo over 6 hours
pTet-GFP and pT7-GFP were both compared to a negative and a positive control, where pTet-GFP showed significant fluorescence, while pT7 did not show any dramatic increase in fluorescence (Fig.1). When measured over intervals, pTet showed a steady increase in fluorescence (Fig.2). Fig.2 also suggests that there may be some variation across the samples that have been measured.

Test: 17-08-2007

Fig.3 - Total Fluorescence of pT7-GFP in vivo over 4 hours
Fig.4 - pT7-GFP in vivo over 4 hours
Fig.3 shows that the pT7-GFP construct had significant fluorescence compared to the negative control, which seems to suggest that GFP has been expressed. However, when fluorescence was plotted against time, there was little or no increase in fluorescence (Fig.4), suggesting little or no expression of GFP over the time course.


  • Positive control - diluted GFP solution of equal volume
  • Negative control - LB media of equal volume

Excel file of Raw data



Fig.1 and Fig.2 both strongly indicate that there was a good amount of expression of GFP (~54000) with the pTet-GFP construct, leading to an increase in fluoresence over time. This shows that the construct is functioning well in vivo.

Fig.2 however suggests that there may be significant variation in the measurement of our samples. This could be due to experimental methodology, or the intrinsic nature of variability of expression in the in vivo chassis.


As our initial tests of the pT7-GFP construct did not yield expected results, it was postualated that the absence of fluorescence increase could be due to several reasons. Firstly, the cells might not be properly induced, to which IPTG of a suitable concentration (~1mM) needs to be added, and the culture grown overnight. It could also be that the construct was not working at all, or that the culture was in stationary phase when it was tested, leading to little or no expression of GFP.

In the re-test, the culture had been properly induced with IPTG at growth phase. While absolute fluorescence levels indicate the presence of GFP in the culture, it was not as significant as that of pTet-GFP. In addition, there was little or no increase of fluorescence over the time period at which it was measured. This could be due to the fact that the pT7-GFP construct either did not express as quickly or strongly as pTet-GFP in vivo, or that the construct was simply not working. Further investigation into the construct also revealed a weaker ribosome binding site compared to the pTet-GFP construct which could account for the weak fluorescent signal.


We investigated the possibility of using different constructs, and strength of different promoters for our projects. To conclude,

  • pTet-GFP construct gave a strong fluorescent signal, indicating good expression of GFP in vivo.
  • pT7-GFP construct gave little or no fluorescent signal, to which several reasons had been suggested, and further experiments are required to confirm them.